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BigSmiles Dental Care
#107-18640 Fraser Hwy, Surrey, B.C.
Dr. Larry Lu, DDS
Surrey Dentist

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Glossary -C-

CAD/CAM - Computer aided design/ computer aided manufacturing

Calcium - chemical element needed for healthy teeth, bones and nerves

Calculus - hard residue, commonly known as "tarter," that forms on teeth due to inadequate plaque control, often stained yellow or brown

Canker sore - mouth sore appearing whitish, often with a red halo, of ten to fourteen day duration . Also known as aphtous ulcers

Cantilever bridge - fixed bridge that attaches to adjacent teeth only on one end

Cap - common term for dental crown

Caries - tooth decay or "cavities"

Cast or model - reproduction of structures made by pouring plaster or stone into a mold or impression

CAT scan - Computed axial tomography scan. Helps in determining available bone for precise implant placement

Cavitron - dental tool that uses high frequency ultrasonic waves to clean teeth

Cellulitis - soft tissue infection causing extensive, hard swelling, a potentially dangerous condition requiring immediate attention. Can arise from an untreated tooth

Cementum - hard tissue that covers the roots of teeth

Chart - log of dental or medical records

Clasp – metal or acrylic part of a removable partial denture that hooks on to natural teeth to retain the partial in the mouth

Cleaning -removal of plaque and calculus (tarter) from teeth, generally above the gum line. Also referred to as Prophylaxis

Commercially pure titanium - Biocompatible metal commonly used for dental implants. It is an alloy of Titanium 99 wt. % and small amounts of oxygen with trace amounts of iron, hydrogen, carbon and nitrogen.

Composite resin - material composed of plastic with small glass or ceramic particles; usually cured with filtered light or chemical catalyst

Complication - An unfavorable condition that may be reversible or irreversible. Cosmetic (aesthetic) dentistry - treatments performed to enhance appearance by altering the shape and color of the teeth

CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) - Artificial procedures employed by a rescuer after cessation of breathing or heart stoppage

Cross bite - reverse biting relationship of upper and lower teeth; the lower teeth are ahead of the upper teeth in their relationship

Crown -
(1) the portion of a tooth above the gum line;
(2) dental restoration covering all or most of the natural tooth

Curettage - removal of diseased tissue from a periodontal pocket. Usually done in conjunction with scaling and root planning (deep cleaning)

Cusp - mound on posterior teeth

Cuspid or canine – transition from incisors to cusped teeth. Also called the ‘eye teeth ‘. They are the teeth with the longest roots and form the corners of the mouth

Cyst - a soft or hard tissue sac, hard or filled with fluid

 

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